गुरुवार, 16 फ़रवरी 2017

01/01/1945: Address to the Soldiers of INA


In January 1945, the second campaign of the Indian National Army began, and at the Mingaladan Camp in Rangoon, Netaji addressed the Second Infantry Regiment infusing the spirit of enthusiasm and sacrifice amongst them.

He spoke:
“Last year the INA faced the enemy on the battle-field for the first time. The deeds of the INA were glorious: they were beyond any expectations and won the praise of both friend and foe. We dealt the enemy a crushing defeat wherever we fought him. Without being defeated we had, as a tactical move, to bring back our forces from the Imphal front due to bad weather and other handicaps.

Now we have tried to overcome these difficulties. But everyone should remember that our army is a revolutionary army. We are not so well-equipped in manpower as our enemies are. Our enemies have decided that they will fight their first battle for the defence of India in Assam and they have made this area India's Stalingrad.

This year will be the decisive year of the war. The fate of India's freedom will be decided near the hills of Imphal and on the plains of Chittagong. Last year some of our men joined the enemy. I do not want even a single man to go over to the enemy this time when we go to the front. Therefore, if anyone thinks that he is incapable of going to the front due to weakness or cowardice or for any other reason he should report to his regimental commander and arrangements will be made to keep him at the base.
I do not wish to paint a very rosy picture to you. You will have to face hunger, thirst and other hardships and even death when you go to the front. Because the enemy has made the utmost preparations, we too shall have to mobilise all our resources.

In addition to the present slogan of the INA, namely, 'Chalo Delhi,' another slogan will be added from today, and that will be :‘Khoon, Khoon, Khoon!’, Blood, Blood, Blood! This means that we shall shed our blood for the freedom of 40 crores of people of India. Similarly, we shall shed the blood of the enemy for the same cause. The slogan for Indian civilians who are in the south will be: 'Karo sab nichhawar, ban sab faqir' (sacrifice everything and become paupers)."

Netaji ended his speech with the slogan: " Inquilab, Zindabad,” "Chalo Delhi," and "Blood, Blood and More Blood," which were repeated very loudly by 2,300 men of the Regiment as well as by the civilians present there.

 


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02/01/1945: Broadcast by Rangoon Radio

 

In a press interview somewhere in Burma, Netaji SC Bose, Head of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind, declared that as a result of his recent talks with the Japanese military experts the Indian National Army would very shortly launch its offensive. He revealed that both Japan and Germany have launched an all-out offensive against their enemies and expressed the hope that Japan and Germany would very shortly establish their superiority in these final battles. Netaji emphasised that India would play an important part in this new phase of the war and expressed the hope that the Indian National Army would liberate India from the clutches of the British pirates. Praising the Japanese 'Special Air Attack Corps,' Netaji stated that he was much impressed by the brilliant performances and heroic exploits of its members and added that troops of the Indian National Army would follow the noble example of the gallant Japanese troops and fight firm with determination and valour and deliver their Motherland."

 


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02/01/1945: Broadcast from Singapore

 

This is the Indian National Army Shonan Broadcasting Station. We now present to you Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's special Order of the Day to the Azad Hind Fauj.

“Comrades of the Azad Hind Fauj! On this auspicious New Year's Day I want you, first of all, to look back on your achievements and on your progress since the formation of the Azad Hind Fauj. There can be no doubt whatsoever that in spite of many difficulties and drawbacks your achievements and progress have been truly remarkable. This has been possible only because of the passionate desire for freedom which inspires the Indian people today, the many-sided assistance rendered by our countrymen in East Asia, the valuable aid offered by our Allies and above all the hard work and sacrifice that you yourselves have put in. Before the end of 1943, units of the Azad Hind Fauj began moving in the direction of the Indo-Burma Frontier. On February 4, 1944, Indian's war of independence was launched in the Arakan region of Burma. On March 21, 1944, we were able to proclaim to the whole world that the Azad Hind Fauj had crossed the Eastern frontier of India and was fighting on the sacred soil of India,

Since then the fight has been going on, and in the course of that campaign many of our comrades have laid down their lives on the field of battle. The heroism and self-sacrifice of the officers and men of the Azad Hind Fauj in India's war of independence have already become a priceless heritage for the India of tomorrow; while, for the Azad Hind Fauj itself they have become a glorious and undying tradition which will serve as an inspiration for all times. Comrades! On this auspicious day I want you all to pay silent homage to our immortal heroes and to renew your solemn pledge to continue the fight until complete victory is achieved. India is calling you, the souls of your comrades are urging you on to still braver deeds, therefore, gird up your loins for the hard battle that lies ahead. There can be no rest and no pause for us until our tri-colour National Flag is hoisted over India's Metropolis. Comrades! Our immortal heroes have paid for India's liberty with their own blood, we are proud of them, but we too must be ready for that supreme sacrifice."

 


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04/01/1945: Broadcast from Tokyo Radio

 

Netaji SC Bose, Head of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind and Supreme Commander of the Indian National Army, addressing New Year Greetings to the nationals of Greater East Asia voiced an immutable resolve to fight out the war. The freedom-loving Indians will not cease their struggle, he emphasised, until the last Englishman has been driven out of India. Netaji said, “It is only natural that a war of such magnitude as the present one should shake the foundations of the world. It is also natural that attempts at destroying the old order and creating a new order on its ruins should require a long and painful struggle. We Indians are well aware of the gravity and difficulties of the mission imposed upon us. We well know how strong British Imperialism is and how crafty the British are. We are well aware that it is not an easy task to destroy British Imperialism, which is supported by the United States and other Allied Nations. Believing as we do in the strength of India's revolutionary Nationalism and the might of our Allies, and fully aware of the corruption of British Imperialism, we confidently look forward to final victory.”

 


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04/01/1945: Address to Indians, Broadcast from Singapore

 

The following is the text of Netaji’s speech:

"Towards the end of October last, I left Burma for a long tour of East Asia and I have been travelling from place to place since then. That is why I could not speak to you as often as I would have liked to. When I spoke to you last from Tokyo towards the end of November 1944, I promised to speak to you again on the international situation, but even that promise has not been redeemed up till now.

Before I proceed further, I want to convey to all of you my warmest greetings and heartiest good wishes for the New Year. With the advent of the New Year, the war is entering upon its third and final phase, which will be for us the decisive and victorious phase of this war. All freedom-loving Indians and Indians in East Asia in particular—must now gird up their loins and prepare for the maximum effort and the maximum sacrifice. It is with a view to mobilising the maximum support of my countrymen in East Asia for the final and decisive phase of this war that I have undertaken this long tour. There is no country in East Asia where Indians are not to be found and I am happy and proud to be able to say that they are all participating actively in India's struggle for liberty. Men, money and materials for our Azad Hind Fauj have poured in from every corner of East Asia and lam now fully assured that they will continue to pour in, so long as our fight for freedom goes on.

During this tour, I have already been in Nippon, China, Indo-China, Malaya and Indonesia, inspecting the work of our organisation there. And I have just concluded an intensive tour of Malaya which— along with Burma— constitutes our principal base in East Asia. The donations that have come in from Malaya alone during my tour amount to seven million dollars or rupeesand a New Year's gift to India is now being organised all over East Asia which will break all previous records.

Friends, my thoughts on this occasion go back naturally to those who have been rotting in internment camps, prisons and underground cells in India for long years. I also pay my tribute of homage, on this occasion, to those brave souls who have been executed by our tyrannical oppressors, for the only crime of loving their country and working for her freedom. The suffering and sacrifice of our comrades will not be in vain. Justice will triumph in the end and freedom will come. We in East Asia have taken a solemn vow not to rest or pause until freedom's battle has been fought to a successful conclusion.

I said at the beginning that the war is now entering on its third and decisive phase. The first signs of this change were visible towards the end of October and the beginning of November last. But you can now see more signs of it. Those who were proclaiming from the housetops some months ago that the war in Europe would end in October 1944 are now constrained to alter their tone and to say that the war in Europe will not only continue through the whole of 1945, but may even go well into 1946.

The German counter-offensive, backed by new and powerful weapons like V-1, V-2, and jet-propelled aircraft, has taken our enemies completely by surprise. Loud and boastful enemy propaganda of the past months is now recoiling on its authors like a boomerang and there is depression and gloom everywhere in England.

Germany, by withdrawing nearer her own frontiers and by calling upon the entire nation to back up her armed forces militarily has scored an advantage over her enemies—while through superior scientific technique, Germany is trying to attain parity with her enemies in the domain of war production. Even our enemies have had to admit that German morale is as strong as ever.

On the other hand, the rift between the Soviet on the one side and the Anglo-Americans on the other is becoming wider and wider. There is no agreement between the British and the Americans either, in their political policy in Europe. As a proof of this, the world has seen the strange spectacle of the American Secretary of State, Stettinius, openly condemning British policy in Greece, Italy and Belgium. British troops who were supposed to liberate Greece, Italy and Belgium from German domination, are now busily engaged in shooting down the local inhabitants in all these countries. The recent visit of Churchill and Eden to Greece and their attempt to patch up things there, they have met with utter failure.

Here in East Asia, the situation for the Anglo-Americans is much worse than what it is in Europe. When the Americans captured a few islands in the Pacific some months ago, they began to indulge in such wild propaganda that people all over the world were led to expect that the Americans would be able to make a bee-line dash for the mainland of Nippon and thereby win a speedy victory. But the Americans have now realised that their island-to-island hopping tactics will not carry them very far. In fact, the American Commander-in-Chief, General Wedemeyer, was constrained to come out in the open and condemn American tactics in the Pacific which according to him could not lead to victory.

The Americans have, by now, begun to realise slowly that Nippon's naval strategy in the Pacific is analogous to Russia's strategy in the land campaign against Napoleon, when he was advancing towards Moscow more than a century ago, and that Nippon will be to the Americans what Moscow was to Napoleon. Napoleon met his Waterloo nearer home. The Americans will perhaps have to face their Waterloo nearer to Nippon mainland. Coming events will bear out the truth of my prediction.

At home, the entire Nipponese nation has just been mobilised for increased war production and the results of this total mobilisation will be apparent six months or one year later. The time is no longer working for the Anglo-Americans—but is working for the Axis powers—and it is no wonder that the Anglo-Americans are in a beastly hurry to end the war as soon as possible before their moral begins to crack.

For us Indians, therefore, the general war situation today is as favourable as we can expect in a war of the present magnitude. The period of our enemies’ counter-offensive is coming to an end and from now onwards, they will, slowly but surely, be pushed back and back, until they go over to the defensive. This is, accordingly, the time when we Indians must prepare ourselves feverishly for our next offensive in the Indian campaign.

As a matter of fact, that is exactly what the Azad Hind Fauj is now doing. We have obtained valuable experience during the recent operations on the Indo-Burma frontier and inside India, and in preparing for the next offensive the fullest use is being made of that experience.

A sense of supreme confidence in final victory prevails among all ranks of the Azad Hind Fauj. Having beaten the enemy forces once in so many sectors of a far-flung frontline over a period ofseveral months and having taken a full measure of the strength of our enemies—confidence in our final victory has increased a hundred-fold.

 


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23/01/1945: Message to Indian Children in East Asia

 

The following is a message despatched by Subhas Chandra Bose to the children in East Asia who had gathered to celebrate his birthday on 23 January 1945.

My young friends:

It gives me great pleasure to send you today my warm greetings. I assure you that your welfare has always been nearest to my heart, and if I have not been able to meet you and personally speak to you it is only because of my other preoccupations in the cause of our country's freedom.

You know that about two centuries ago the British came to India. They came as traders. We Indians who were a traditionally hospitable people extended to them every assistance in their trade. The foreigners abused that kindness and hospitality and we lost our Freedom.

Our forefathers did not yield up their country without a fight. They fought inch by inch and it took the British a hundred years of questionable methods—methods which I need not go into at present—to bring India under their sway. Though India came at last under the British rule, the Indian spirit never came under British subjection. We carried on our tight for freedom.

Man is meant to be free and it is the duty of every man to make his country free. Without freedom no people can become great. In this struggle for freedom in which our countrymen at home, in Burma and all over East Asia are at present engaged, you, the youth of India have a definite place.

Youth and enthusiasm are almost synonymous, and just as such as you receive knowledge from your elders you can transmit your enthusiasm to them. You must feel, think and act as proud sons and daughters of a great country. Our country was one of the greatest on earth before it came under foreign domination. It is your duty to train yourself for the future, and if your country needs you now in spite of your age, it is your duty to go forward. Many amongst you, I know, are already keen to do so. It is, however, my sincere conviction that much before you reach manhood our motherland will be free; but in the wake of freedom will come various duties and responsibilities which only youthful patriots will be qualified to perform.

You are, therefore, the hope of the future and when the time comes, I feel certain you will not be found wanting. Every one of you is a potential soldier in India's Cause. It is on you, the Youth of India, that the greatness of Azad Hind will be built. Be ready; and may Providence guide your steps.    

Jai Hind.
(Sd). Subhas Chandra Bose.

 


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13/03/1945: Eradicate Treachery, Order Issued

 

Comrades,

In order to express our indignation, disgust and hatred against cowardice and treachery, a special observance will be held in every camp of the Azad Hind Fauj, on a day to be previously fixed for the purpose. All officers and ranks must take part in the observance.

With regard to the details of the observance, each camp will be free to draw up its own programme with a view to making the observance a complete success. Directions in broad lines, however, are being issued herewith.
(a)    Poems or articles may be written and read, expressing hatred and disgust against cowardice and treachery.
(b)    Dramas may be improvised and acted for expressing abhorrence against cowardice and treachery.
(c)    Effigies of the traitors (Riaz, Sarway, Day, Mohammad Bakhsh and others) in cardboard or straw or clay or any other suitable material, either in human or animal form, may be prepared and every member of the camp should give full vent to his disgust and hatred against traitors.
(d)    Lectures should be delivered praising Indian heroes of the past and lauding the brave deeds of the members of the Azad Hind Fauj in the course of the present War of Liberation.
(e)    The day's observance should end with the singing of National Anthem and collective shouting of slogans.

Special award will be given to the camp that can put up the best show.

Burma: March 13, 1945.
(Sd.) Subhas Chandra Bose,
Supreme Commander, Azad Hind Fauj.

 


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